January/February 2011, Volume 4, Issue 1
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Prevention and Health
Great Potential,
Large Roadblocks
Prevention and health promotion are the keys to reversing our current epidemic levels of heart disease, hypertension, obesity, diabetes and cancer. To a great extent, we already know what behaviors people need to change—particularly on exercise (more of it) and diet (more whole foods, vegetables, fruits, whole grains and beans, and much less of the fats, sweets and salt so abundant in the typical American diet). Yet despite this knowledge, disease statistics in the United States continue to move in the wrong direction at alarming rates.
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Out of the Rush
and Into the Flow
After the holiday celebrations, many of us face a season of cold, gray days. The decorations have come down, and we are left with ourselves minus the glitter, lights and tinsel. We may also feel the physical effects of eating rich food and consuming alcohol at one celebration after another—tighter clothes, upset digestion, fatigue. Winter is a time when all life adopts a different rhythm, and we are wise to honor that in our own life rhythms.
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CAM in Review
In new CAM research, yoga is correlated with improved mood, decreased anxiety, and  increased brain levels of GABA. Also, a series of new acupuncture studies show that the Asian healing art improves exercise tolerance of patients with heart failure; improves breast cancer patients’ hot flashes and night sweats; relieves diabetic peripheral neuropathy; and helps cancer patients with persistent hiccups.
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Organic foods are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, genetic engineering, antibiotics, synthetic growth hormones, sewage sludge and irradiation, and processed without adding artificial flavors, colors and preservatives. While recent research is mixed as to whether organic foods possess higher levels of desirable nutrients than those grown conventionally, a growing body of evidence links the ingestion of petroleum-based pesticides and other chemicals to diseases of the nervous system, including cognitive dysfunction and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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Award-Winning Study Shows
Benefits of Guidelines and
Interview with
Paul Bishop, DC, MD, PhD
Paul Bishop and colleagues recently won the North American Spine Society’s 2010 Award for Outstanding Paper in Medical and Interventional Science for their project comparing guidelines-based care (including chiropractic spinal manipulation) for low back pain of less than 16 weeks versus usual care administered by primary care medical physicians. Among their key findings were that (1) guidelines-based care including chiropractic spinal manipulation is significantly more effective than usual care and (2) usual care by primary care MDs is highly guideline-discordant.
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Nutrition Update
In recent nutrition research, the DASH hypertension diet is associated with lower rates of colon cancer; low blood levels of vitamin D may predict hypertension; garlic supplements may decrease cardiovascular risk; and fructose-rich beverages increase the risk of gout.
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A Profession Coming of Age:

Interview with David Chapman-Smith, LL.B.
David Chapman-Smith, Secretary-General of the World Federation of Chiropractic, is an attorney whose introduction to chiropractic came when he represented the New Zealand Chiropractic Association before that nation’s Commission on Inquiry into Chiropractic in the late 1970s. The Commission’s report was the world’s first major independent evaluation of chiropractic. For Chapman-Smith, the whirlwind years of the New Zealand Commission were a prelude to what has become a career-long mission on behalf of chiropractic. He is widely recognized as the world’s leading non-chiropractor advocate for the profession.
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Exercise & Fitness
Researchers find that increased exercise decreases blood levels of C-reactive protein, which measures inflammation; exercise improves diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors; walking with ankle weights improves fall-related fitness and bone metabolism; and exercise may help prevent upper respiratory infections.
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Research Roundup
A major study on all low back pain patients covered during a two-year period by Blue Cross–Blue Shield of Tennessee finds that patients had signficiantly lower overall episode costs for treatment of low back pain if they initiated care with a DC, when compared to those who initiated care with an MD. Another study finds that spinal manipulation eliminates the need for surgery in many lumbar disc herniation cases.
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